In this lesson we will look in more detail at adverbial clauses.
These clauses are a type of complex sentence, so it is essential that you are able to use them in your writing and speaking if you want to achieve a good band score.
The examiner will be monitoring your speaking and writing closely to assess how well you know them.
In the table below you can see the most common types of adverbs used to make adverbial clauses.
You can also see what they are used for and some example sentences.
Types of Adverbial Clause
In reference to a period of time or another event
He arrived before I did.
After I have finished studying, I intend to work abroad.
As the climate gets hotter, sea levels will rise.
I will keep learning English for as long as it is necessary.
While I am studying, I usually listen to the radio.
Rates of obesity increase when too much junk food is eaten.
Since I started going to fitness, I have lost 5 kilos.
I will keep learning English until I am upper intermediate.
Expressing a hypothesis or condition, real or imagined
If we clone humans, it may have terrible consequences.
What would you buy if you won the lottery?
Our food will not be safe unless GM crops are banned.
To explain why
My English is not improving because I am not studying enough.
Since the government cut spending, poverty has increased.
Pollution is increasing as there are too many cars.
To show the purpose of doing something
I am studying IELTS in order to attend university abroad.
He went to the gym so that he could lose weight.
To show contrast between two statements, or surprise.
Although e-readers are popular, most people still prefer books.
The Minister wants to increase taxes though his party disagrees.
Even though I studied every day, I didn't get the score I needed (surprising)
Internet usage increased, while phone usage decreased.*
Whereas you have a lot of time to study, I do not.*
To talk about location of position
Wherever he goes, I will go.
I am not sure where I put my pen.