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IT-CLEFT SENTENCES

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 14 دی 1394-11:17 ق.ظ

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IT-Cleft sentences

IT + BE + PHRASE + DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSE

Cleft sentences (also called it-clefts) result from changing the normal sentence pattern to emphasise a particular piece of information. The emphasis in the resulting cleft sentence is on the phrase after it + be.

Look at the following example:

János Irinyi invented the non-explosive match in 1836.

We can transform this sentence in different ways depending on which part of it we want to bring into focus:

It was János Irinyi who/that invented the non-explosive match in 1836.
It was the non-explosive match which/that/(-) János Irinyi invented in 1836.
 
It was 1836 when János Irinyi invented the non-explosive match.
 

In the clauses that follow it + be + phrase, we can use the same relative pronouns (who, whom, whose, which, that) and relative adverbs (where, when, why) that we normally use in defining relative clauses.

However, if we bring a whole adverbial phrase into focus, we use that:

It was in 1836 that János Irinyi invented the non-explosive match.

If we use a personal pronoun after it + be, it will be in the object form:

It was him who invented the non-explosive match in 1836.

It is also possible to expand the phrase in focus with a non-defining relative clause:

It was János Irinyi, who was a Hungarian chemist, that invented the non-explosive match in 1836.



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