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Wh-Cleft Sentences

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 14 دی 1394-12:27 ب.ظ

Pseudo-cleft sentences

WHAT-CLAUSE + BE + PHRASE

Pseudo-cleft sentences (also called wh-clefts) are similar in function to cleft sentences, but they are formed with the pronoun what (= the thing(s) that/which). The emphasis in a pseudo-cleft sentence is on the phrase after the what-clause + be:

What you need is a good sleep.
What I didn't like was the end of the movie.
What changed his mind was a book he'd read.

If we want to refer to a person, we say The person/people who/that:

The people who/that I met were members of the delegation.

If we want to emphasise an action, the verb after be usually takes the form that corresponds to the form used in the what-clause: 

What you should do is write a letter to the manager.
What I need to do is get some rest. 
What they were doing was arguing about which train to take.
What I can do is call for a taxi.

In the following examples, the verb after be takes the form that the verb in the what-clause is normally followed by:

What I want is to sleep
What he can't stand is getting up early.

In the past simple and present perfect, we can use the following patterns: 

What I did in the end was (to) go home.
What I have done is (to) write a letter to the editor.


نوع مطلب : گرامر 

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