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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 9

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-10:36 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 9 - CRIME

 

Legislation

 

A law or set of laws suggested by a government and made official by a parliament

 

 

There needs to be changes to crime-related legislation

 

Deter


To make someone less enthusiastic about doing something by threatening bad results if they do it

 


Tougher prison sentences may be a deterrent to other would-be offenders


Offender

 

Someone who is guilty of a crime



Prison should not be used for first-time offenders


Punish


To cause someone who has done something wrong or committed a crime to suffer, by hurting them, forcing them to pay money, sending them to prison, etc



Those responsible for serious crimes must be punished


Prevention


When you stop something from happening or stop someone from doing something



The government should focus on the prevention of crime rather than introducing harsher prison sentences


Commit


To do something illegal or something that is considered wrong



People who commit serious crimes should be given lengthy (long) prison sentences


Criminal


A person who commits a crime



Criminals who commit violent crimes should not be given probation

 

Probation


A period of time when a criminal must behave well and not commit any more crimes in order to avoid being sent to prison



Probation is a good way to reduce prison overcrowding, but it must only be used for those who have committed minor crimes


Rehabilitate


To return someone or something to a good or healthy condition, state or way of living



It is important to rehabilitate criminals while they are in prison otherwise they may re-offend (commit a crime again) when they are released from prison


Guilt


Having done something wrong or committed a crime



If jurors (the members of a jury) find a defendant guilty, then that person must be punished


Jury


A group of people chosen to decide in a court of law if someone is guilty of a crime or not



To ensure fairness in a criminal trial, there must be a jury


Convict


To decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime



He has been convicted of arson (starting a fire intentionally to damage something) two times now


Fine


Being made to pay money for breaking the law



Motorists should be given a fine if they are caught speeding


Imprisonment


Being put in prison



Murderers are usually given life imprisonment


Community Service


Work that people do to help other people without payment, and which young criminals whose crime was not serious enough for them to be put in prison are sometimes ordered to do



Community service is a good alternative to prison for minor offences


Justice


Fairness in the way people are dealt with



Those who commit assaults must be imprisoned because the victims want justice


Victim


Someone who has suffered because of the actions of someone else



The victims of crime often need help and support to recover from their bad experience



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