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VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 8

نویسنده :بهنام فرقانی
تاریخ:دوشنبه 23 آذر 1394-09:31 ق.ظ

VOCABULARY FOR IELTS 8 - WORK

Work Vocabulary

 

 

Employee

 

Someone who is paid to work for someone else

 

 

The company has several hundred employees

 

Employer


A person or organization that employs people

 


Employers monitor their employees very carefully these days


Employment

 

When someone is paid to work for a company or organization



Due to the recession, there are thousands of people looking for employment

I was employed in the company for several years


Unemployment

 

Not working



Levels of unemployment in the economy have been rapidly increasing.

He has been unemployed for 6 months now


Commute


To make the same journey regularly between work and home



It is taking longer for people to commute to work because of traffic problems

Commuting to work everyday by bus is tiring


Occupation


Formal way to say 'job'



What is your occupation?


Career


Working life or a particular job during one's working life that gets better in terms of salary and position



He is retired now but he had an amazing career ( = successful working life)

He hopes to have a career in the army

 

Profession


Any type of work which needs special training or a particular skill, often one which is respected because it involves a high level of education



The teaching profession is not as good as it used to be because salaries have decreased


Salary / Wages


Money paid each month to an employee for their work



Public sector salaries are not keeping up with inflation

He receives a good wage because he works for a prestigious company


Public Sector


Businesses and industries that are owned or controlled by the government



You get a good pension if you work for the public sector, but the salary is not always so good


Private Sector


Businesses and industries that are privately owned



Most graduates hope to work in the private sector when they finish university as there are more opportunities and the pay is better than the public sector


Retire


To stop working because of old age or ill health



The retirement age in most countries is 65

He had to retire early due to ill health


Flexitime


Working a fixed number of hours but having flexibility with start and finish times



They have introduced flexitime at my work place so I usually start at 10 am now and finish at 6 pm


Resign / Quit


To leave a job



He resigned from his job yesterday

Don't quit your job unless you have another one to start


Fire / Sack /

Dismiss


To remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong



He was fired / sacked / dismissed because he was late for work every day


Vacancy


A job postion that is not filled and so is available



I spoke to the company and they said they had several vacancies


Overtime


Working more than your contracted hours



The employees often work overtime but they are not given extra money so it is not fair


Shift


The time worked in a job that is not normal hours



She is a nurse so she has to work in shifts. One week she does the morning shift, and then the next week she will do the night shift

Shift work can be very tiring


 



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